Underneath the hood of any Web page is nothing more than line after line of ordinary typed text. With itÕs use of simple commands called tags, HTML is still at the heart of most of the Web.
The HTML code that creates a Web page can be as simple as this:
<title>The Title of this Web Page.</title>
Hey, IÕm some body text on this web page.
While it may not be exciting, the HTML shown here is all thatÕs needed to make a Web page.
HTML commands appear in pairs designed to surround a block of text or other commands.
These bracketed commands are called tags.
The starting tag of each pair tells the browser where the instructions begin, and the ending tag tells it where the instruction ends. Ending tags always include a slash (/) after the first bracket symbol (<), which tells the browser that this is a closing tag.
The <html> tag appears once at the beginning of a Web page and again (with an added slash) at the end. This tells the browser that the information contained within this page is written in HTML as opposed to some other language.
If you were to think of a Web page as a tree the <html> tag would be itÕs trunk.
The head of a Web page, surrounded by <head> tags, contains the title of the page: it may also provide other, invisible information (such as search keywords) that browsers and Web search engines can exploit.
The body of a Web page as set apart by itÕs surrounding <body> tags, contains all the information that appears inside a browser window –headlines, text, pictures and so on.
Most tags commonly used in Web pages appear within the <body> tag. Here are a few: